With Wayland, there is need for a compatible successor to any existing tiling window manager. We focus here on a replacement for i3.
i3 can exist as a Tiling-Window-Manager completely without desktop environment, as well as be wired to it and replace the window manager.
The resource consumption of a desktop like GNOME can't be denied. MATE is a fresh and same time conservative variant from the GTK+ fraction.
A desktop environment enables us to get access on files and apps. Let's look at a modern variant that breaks with the conventional paradigm.
Display server protocols in the course of time. To gain deeper insight, it is necessary to differentiate between X11 and Wayland.